Spatial alignment of 3D printed scaffolds modulates genotypic expression in pre-osteoblasts

3D printing, an advent from rapid prototyping technology is emerging as a suitable solution for various regenerative engineering applications. In this study, blended gelatin-sodium alginate 3D printed scaffolds with different pore geometries were developed by altering the spatial alignment of even layered struts in the scaffolds. A significant difference in compression modulus and osteogenic expression due to the difference in spatial printing was demonstrated. Pore geometry was found to be more dominant than the compressive modulus of the scaffold in regulating osteogenic gene expression. A shift in pore geometry by at least 45° was critical for significant increase in osteogenic gene expression in MC3T3-E1 cells.