3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers about BAPO (3 results)

Effect of 3D Printing Temperature on Bioactivity of Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 Released from Polymeric Constructs

Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2021 Volume 49, Pages 2114–2125

Growth factors such as bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) are potent tools for tissue engineering. Three-dimensional (3D) printing offers a potential strategy for delivery of BMP-2 from polymeric constructs; however, these biomolecules are sensitive to inactivation by the elevated temperatures commonly employed during extrusion-based 3D printing. Therefore, we aimed to correlate printing temperature to the bioactivity of BMP-2 released from 3D printed constructs composed of a model polymer, poly(propylene fumarate). Following encapsulation of BMP-2 in poly(dl-lactic-co-glycolic acid) particles, growth factor-loaded fibers were fabricated at three different printing temperatures. Resulting constructs underwent 28 days of aqueous degradation for collection of released BMP-2.…

Effects of shear stress gradients on Ewing sarcoma cells using 3D printed scaffolds and flow perfusion

ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering 2017 Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 347–356

In this work, we combined three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds with flow perfusion bioreactors to evaluate the gradient effects of scaffold architecture and mechanical stimulation, respectively, on tumor cell phenotype. As cancer biologists elucidate the relevance of 3D in vitro tumor models within the drug discovery pipeline, it has become more compelling to model the tumor microenvironment and its impact on tumor cells. In particular, permeability gradients within solid tumors are inherently complex and difficult to accurately model in vitro. However, 3D printing can be used to design scaffolds with complex architecture, and flow perfusion can simulate mechanical stimulation within the tumor…

Extrusion-based 3D printing of poly(propylene fumarate) in a full-factorial design

ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering 2016 Volume 2, Issue 10, Pages 1771–1780

3D printing has emerged as an important technique for fabricating tissue engineered scaffolds. However, systematic evaluations of biomaterials for 3D printing have not been widely investigated. We evaluated poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF) as a model material for extrusion-based printing applications. A full-factorial design evaluating the effects of four factors (PPF concentration, printing pressure, printing speed, and programmed fiber spacing) on viscosity, fiber diameter, and pore size was performed layer-by-layer on 3D scaffolds. We developed a linear model of printing solution viscosity, where concentration of PPF had the greatest effect on viscosity, and the polymer exhibited shear thinning behavior. Additionally, linear models…