3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers about Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells (DPSC) (5 results)

Development of a modular reinforced bone tissue engineering scaffold with enhanced mechanical properties

Materials Letters 2022 Volume 318, Article 132170

A modular design composed of 3D-printed polycaprolactone (PCL) as the load-bearing module, and dual porosity gelatin foam as the bio-reactive module, was developed and characterized in this study. Surface treatment of the PCL module through aminolysis-aldehyde process was found to yield a stronger interface bonding compared to NaOH hydrolysis, and therefore was used in the fabrication procedure. The modular scaffold was shown to significantly improve the mechanical properties of the gelatin foam. Both compressive modulus and ultimate strength was found to increase over 10 times when the modular design was employed. The bio-reactive module i.e., gelatin foam, presented a dual…

Pressure-Assisted Coating of Ceramics on 3D-Printed Polymeric Scaffolds

ACS Applied Bio Materials 2021 Volume 4, Issue 8, Pages 6462-6472

Pressure-assisted coating (PAC) is introduced to coat 3D-printed polymeric scaffolds with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) for tissue engineering applications. The method consists of four steps: infiltration of ceramic particles into the porous structure of the polymeric scaffold, dehydration of the slurry, compaction of ceramic particles around the scaffold, and heat treatment. The optimal coating is obtained at an infiltration speed of 400 mm/min followed by complete dehydration, compaction under ca. 8 MPa pressure, and subsequent heat treatment at 65 °C. The outcome is a uniformly coated scaffold with no deformation or structural defects, as confirmed by micro-CT analysis and laser and…

3D printed hybrid bone constructs of PCL and dental pulp stem cells loaded GelMA

Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 2021 Volume 109, Issue 12, Pages 2425-2437

Fabrication of scaffolds using polymers and then cell seeding is a routine protocol of tissue engineering applications. Synthetic polymers have adequate mechanical properties to substitute for some bone tissue, but they are generally hydrophobic and have no specific cell recognition sites, which leads to poor cell affinity and adhesion. Some natural polymers, have high cell affinity but are mechanically weak and do not have the strength required as a bone supporting material. In the present study, 3D printed hybrid scaffolds were fabricated using PCL and GelMA carrying dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), which is printed in the gaps between the…

3D Bioprinting of Engineered Tissue Flaps with Hierarchical Vessel Networks (VesselNet) for Direct Host-To-Implant Perfusion

Advanced Materials 2021 Volume 33, Issue 42, Article 2102661

Engineering hierarchical vasculatures is critical for creating implantable functional thick tissues. Current approaches focus on fabricating mesoscale vessels for implantation or hierarchical microvascular in vitro models, but a combined approach is yet to be achieved to create engineered tissue flaps. Here, millimetric vessel-like scaffolds and 3D bioprinted vascularized tissues interconnect, creating fully engineered hierarchical vascular constructs for implantation. Endothelial and support cells spontaneously form microvascular networks in bioprinted tissues using a human collagen bioink. Sacrificial molds are used to create polymeric vessel-like scaffolds and endothelial cells seeded in their lumen form native-like endothelia. Assembling endothelialized scaffolds within vascularizing hydrogels incites…

Incorporation of functionalized reduced graphene oxide/magnesium nanohybrid to enhance the osteoinductivity capability of 3D printed calcium phosphate-based scaffolds

Composites Part B: Engineering 2020 Volume 185, Article 107749

Improving bone regeneration is one of the most pressing problems facing bone tissue engineering (BTE) which can be tackled by incorporating different biomaterials into the fabrication of the scaffolds. The present study aims to apply the 3D-printing and freeze-drying methods to design an ideal scaffold for improving the osteogenic capacity of Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). To achieve this purpose, hybrid constructs consisted of 3D-printed Beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP)-based scaffolds filled with freeze-dried gelatin/reduced graphene oxide-Magnesium-Arginine (GRMA) matrix were fabricated through a novel green method. The effect of different concentrations of Reduced graphene oxide-Magnesium-Arginine (RMA) (0, 0.25% and 0.75%wt) on the…