3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers by M. Rasoulianboroujeni (6 results)

Coating of 3D printed PCL/TCP scaffolds using homogenized-fibrillated collagen

Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 2022 Volume 217, Article 112670

Background Poly(3-caprolactone) (PCL)/β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) composite scaffolds fabricated by three-dimensional (3D) printing are one of the common scaffolds for bone tissue regeneration. However, the main challenge of these 3D printed PCL/β-TCP scaffolds is the fact that many cells pass from porosities during in vitro cell seeding, leading to poor initial cell attachment. This study aimed to demonstrate the fabrication of a new collagen coating process for optimizing the hydrophilic property and cell-substrate interactions. This method may be used for coating collagen on any relevant biomedical constructs made of synthetic polymers to increase their biocompatibility and cell attachment. Materials and methods…

Development of a modular reinforced bone tissue engineering scaffold with enhanced mechanical properties

Materials Letters 2022 Volume 318, Article 132170

A modular design composed of 3D-printed polycaprolactone (PCL) as the load-bearing module, and dual porosity gelatin foam as the bio-reactive module, was developed and characterized in this study. Surface treatment of the PCL module through aminolysis-aldehyde process was found to yield a stronger interface bonding compared to NaOH hydrolysis, and therefore was used in the fabrication procedure. The modular scaffold was shown to significantly improve the mechanical properties of the gelatin foam. Both compressive modulus and ultimate strength was found to increase over 10 times when the modular design was employed. The bio-reactive module i.e., gelatin foam, presented a dual…

Pressure-Assisted Coating of Ceramics on 3D-Printed Polymeric Scaffolds

ACS Applied Bio Materials 2021 Volume 4, Issue 8, Pages 6462-6472

Pressure-assisted coating (PAC) is introduced to coat 3D-printed polymeric scaffolds with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) for tissue engineering applications. The method consists of four steps: infiltration of ceramic particles into the porous structure of the polymeric scaffold, dehydration of the slurry, compaction of ceramic particles around the scaffold, and heat treatment. The optimal coating is obtained at an infiltration speed of 400 mm/min followed by complete dehydration, compaction under ca. 8 MPa pressure, and subsequent heat treatment at 65 °C. The outcome is a uniformly coated scaffold with no deformation or structural defects, as confirmed by micro-CT analysis and laser and…

Incorporation of functionalized reduced graphene oxide/magnesium nanohybrid to enhance the osteoinductivity capability of 3D printed calcium phosphate-based scaffolds

Composites Part B: Engineering 2020 Volume 185, Article 107749

Improving bone regeneration is one of the most pressing problems facing bone tissue engineering (BTE) which can be tackled by incorporating different biomaterials into the fabrication of the scaffolds. The present study aims to apply the 3D-printing and freeze-drying methods to design an ideal scaffold for improving the osteogenic capacity of Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). To achieve this purpose, hybrid constructs consisted of 3D-printed Beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP)-based scaffolds filled with freeze-dried gelatin/reduced graphene oxide-Magnesium-Arginine (GRMA) matrix were fabricated through a novel green method. The effect of different concentrations of Reduced graphene oxide-Magnesium-Arginine (RMA) (0, 0.25% and 0.75%wt) on the…

Development of 3D-printed PLGA/TiO2 nanocomposite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering applications

Materials Science and Engineering: C 2019 Volume 96, Pages 105-113

Porous scaffolds were 3D-printed using poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA)/TiO2 composite (10:1 weight ratio) for bone tissue engineering applications. Addition of TiO2 nanoparticles improved the compressive modulus of scaffolds. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed an increase in both glass transition temperature and thermal decomposition onset of the composite compared to pure PLGA. Furthermore, addition of TiO2 was found to enhance the wettability of the surface evidenced by reducing the contact angle from 90.5 ± 3.2 to 79.8 ± 2.4 which is in favor of cellular attachment and activity. The obtained results revealed that PLGA/TiO2 scaffolds significantly improved osteoblast proliferation compared to…

3D-printed thick structured gelatin membrane for engineering of heterogeneous tissues

Materials Letters 2018 Volume 217, Pages 39-43

Although biological membranes may look like a 2D assembly, they often have complex structures in their 3rd dimension. Using layer-by-layer assembly, 3D-printing can offer an advanced and unique approach for the fabrication of such models. However, printing of some widely used hydrogels, such as gelatin, encounters experimental difficulties due to their rheological properties. In this paper, we (a) discuss the complexities involved in printing gelatin, (b) offer a reproducible approach to overcome such difficulties, and (c) present the detailed design criteria and the production process of such 3D-printed gelatin membranes by exemplifying scaffolds suitable for growth of full-thickness oral mucosa…