3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers by S. Yang (6 results)

Osteosarcoma progression in biomimetic matrix with different stiffness: Insights from a three-dimensional printed gelatin methacrylamide hydrogel

International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 2023 Volume 252, Article 126391

Recent studies on osteosarcoma and matrix stiffness are still mostly performed in a 2D setting, which is distinct from in vivo conditions. Therefore, the results from the 2D models may not reflect the real effect of matrix stiffness on cell phenotype. Here, we employed a 3D bioprinted osteosarcoma model, to study the effect of matrix stiffness on osteosarcoma cells. Through density adjustment of GelMA, we constructed three osteosarcoma models with distinct matrix stiffnesses of 50, 80, and 130 kPa. In this study, we found that osteosarcoma cells proliferated faster, migrated more actively, had a more stretched morphology, and a lower…

Multi-omics analysis based on 3D-bioprinted models innovates therapeutic target discovery of osteosarcoma

Bioactive Materials 2022 Volume 18, Pages 459-470

Current in vitro models for osteosarcoma investigation and drug screening, including two-dimensional (2D) cell culture and tumour spheroids (i.e. cancer stem-like cells), lack extracellular matrix (ECM). Therefore, results from traditional models may not reflect real pathological processes in genuine osteosarcoma histological structures. Here, we report a three-dimensional (3D) bioprinted osteosarcoma model (3DBPO) that contains osteosarcoma cells and shrouding ECM analogue in a 3D frame. Photo-crosslinkable bioinks composed of gelatine methacrylamide and hyaluronic acid methacrylate mimicked tumour ECM. We performed multi-omics analysis, including transcriptomics and DNA methylomics, to determine differences between the 3DBPO model and traditional models. Compared with 2D models…

Solvent evaporation induced fabrication of porous polycaprolactone scaffold via low-temperature 3D printing for regeneration medicine researches

Polymer 2021 Volume 217, Article 123436

Liquid deposition modeling (LDM) is an evolving three-dimensional (3D) printing approach that mainly utilizes polymer solutions to enable the fabrication of biomedical scaffolds under mild conditions. A deep understanding of the rheological properties of polymer printing inks and the features of yielded scaffolds are critical for a successful LDM based fabrication of biomedical scaffolds. In this work, polymer printing inks comprised of Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL), sodium chloride (NaCl), and trichloromethane (CHCl3) were prepared. The rheological properties, including extrudability (shear stress, viscosity, and shear-thinning) and self-supporting ability (viscosity) of all printing inks were analyzed. Then printing performance was evaluated by measuring the…

The effect of induced membranes combined with enhanced bone marrow and 3D PLA-HA on repairing long bone defects in vivo

Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine 2020 Volume 14, Issue 10, Pages 1403-1414

The repair of large bone defects has always been a challenge, especially with respect to regeneration capacity and autogenous bone availability. To address this problem, we fabricated a 3D-printed polylactic acid (PLA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffold (3D-printed PLA-HA, providing scaffold) loaded with enhanced bone marrow (eBM, providing seed cells) combined with induced membrane (IM, providing grow factors) to repair large radial defects in rabbits. in vitro assays, we demonstrated that 3D-printed PLA-HA had excellent biocompatibility, as shown by co-culturing with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs); eBM-derived MSCs exhibited considerable differentiation potential, as shown in trilineage differentiation assays. To investigate bone formation…

Bioprinting of an osteocyte network for biomimetic mineralization

Biofabrication 2020 Volume 12, Number 4, Article 045013

Osteocytes, essential regulators of bone homeostasis, are embedded in the mineralized bone matrix. Given the spatial arrangement of osteocytes, bioprinting represents an ideal method to biofabricate a 3D osteocyte network with a suitable surrounding matrix similar to native bone tissue. Here, we reported a 3D bioprinted osteocyte-laden hydrogel for biomimetic mineralization in vitro with exceptional shape fidelity, a high cell density (107 cells per ml) and high cell viability (85–90%). The bioinks were composed of biomimetic modified biopolymers, namely, gelatine methacrylamide (GelMA) and hyaluronic acid methacrylate (HAMA), with or without type I collagen. The osteocyte-laden constructs were printed and cultured…

Three-dimensional printed multiphasic scaffolds with stratified cell-laden gelatin methacrylate hydrogels for biomimetic tendon-to-bone interface engineering

Journal of Orthopaedic Translation 2020 Volume 23, Pages 89-100

Background The anatomical properties of the enthesis of the rotator cuff are hardly regained during the process of healing. The tendon-to-bone interface is normally replaced by fibrovascular tissue instead of interposition fibrocartilage, which impairs biomechanics in the shoulder and causes dysfunction. Tissue engineering offers a promising strategy to regenerate a biomimetic interface. Here, we report heterogeneous tendon-to-bone interface engineering based on a 3D-printed multiphasic scaffold. Methods A multiphasic poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)–PCL/tricalcium phosphate–PCL/tricalcium phosphate porous scaffold was manufactured using 3D printing technology. The three phases of the scaffold were designed to mimic the graded tissue regions in the tendon-to-bone interface—tendon, fibrocartilage, and…