3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers by Y. Xu (4 results)

3D-printed regenerative polycaprolactone/silk fibroin osteogenic and chondrogenic implant for treatment of hip dysplasia

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2022 Volume 636, Part 1, Pages 96-104

Hip dysplasia is a developmental disorder that resulted in insufficient acetabular coverage. Current surgical treatments are technically demanding, complex, invasive, and often lead to associated complications. Therefore, the development of regenerative implants that fit to the bone and induce osteogenesis and chondrogenesis is in high demand. In this study, an implant was developed in which the osteogenic part was 3D printed using polycaprolactone (PCL), crosslinked with dopamine, and subjected to surface mineralization; while the chondrogenic part was prepared using silk fibroin (SF) and bone morphogenetic protein 2. Physical and chemical characterization of the implant was conducted using energy dispersive spectrometry…

Nanosilicate-Functionalized Polycaprolactone Orchestrates Osteogenesis and Osteoblast-Induced Multicellular Interactions for Potential Endogenous Vascularized Bone Regeneration

Macromolecular Bioscience 2022 Volume 22, Issue 2, Article 2100265

Massive oral and maxillofacial bone defect regeneration remains a major clinical challenge due to the absence of functionalized bone grafts with ideal mechanical and proregeneration properties. In the present study, Laponite (LAP), a synthetic nanosilicate, is incorporated into polycaprolactone (PCL) to develop a biomaterial for bone regeneration. It is explored whether LAP-embedded PCL would accelerate bone regeneration by orchestrating osteoblasts to directly and indirectly induce bone regeneration processes. The results confirmed the presence of LAP in PCL, and LAP is distributed in the exfoliated structure without aggregates. Incorporation of LAP in PCL slightly improved the compressive properties. LAP-embedded PCL is…

Vascularized bone regeneration accelerated by 3D-printed nanosilicate-functionalized polycaprolactone scaffold

Regenerative Biomaterials 2021 Volume 8, Issue 6, Article rbab061

Critical oral-maxillofacial bone defects, damaged by trauma and tumors, not only affect the physiological functions and mental health of patients but are also highly challenging to reconstruct. Personalized biomaterials customized by 3D printing technology have the potential to match oral-maxillofacial bone repair and regeneration requirements. Laponite (LAP) nanosilicates have been added to biomaterials to achieve biofunctional modification owing to their excellent biocompatibility and bioactivity. Herein, porous nanosilicate-functionalized polycaprolactone (PCL/LAP) was fabricated by 3D printing technology, and its bioactivities in bone regeneration were investigated in vitro and in vivo. In vitro experiments demonstrated that PCL/LAP exhibited good cytocompatibility and enhanced the…

Solvent evaporation induced fabrication of porous polycaprolactone scaffold via low-temperature 3D printing for regeneration medicine researches

Polymer 2021 Volume 217, Article 123436

Liquid deposition modeling (LDM) is an evolving three-dimensional (3D) printing approach that mainly utilizes polymer solutions to enable the fabrication of biomedical scaffolds under mild conditions. A deep understanding of the rheological properties of polymer printing inks and the features of yielded scaffolds are critical for a successful LDM based fabrication of biomedical scaffolds. In this work, polymer printing inks comprised of Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL), sodium chloride (NaCl), and trichloromethane (CHCl3) were prepared. The rheological properties, including extrudability (shear stress, viscosity, and shear-thinning) and self-supporting ability (viscosity) of all printing inks were analyzed. Then printing performance was evaluated by measuring the…