3D Bioplotter Research Papers

Displaying all papers about PLA (6 results)

Evaluation of a design for a three-dimensional-printed artificial bone structure

Polymer Composites 2023
I. M. Alarifi

In this work, artificial bones composed of hydroxyapatite (HA)/polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and polylactic acid (PLA) were prepared as a potential replacement for natural bone. The cylindrical specimens included an auxetic system with artificial osteons. HA/PAN and PLA were used to fabricate composite filaments by fused deposition modeling three-dimensional (3D) printing, and the obtained filaments were applied to produce reentrant artificial bone materials. Scanning electron microscopy was used to analyze the scaffold morphology and functional groups. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy was used for elemental analysis. The compressive properties of the samples were studied to determine the optimal scaffolding prototype. Compressive tests were also…

3D-printed PLA/PEO blend as biodegradable substrate coating with CoCl2 for colorimetric humidity detection

Food Packaging and Shelf Life 2022 Volume 32, Article 100829

This study aimed to fabricate biodegradable substrate with colorimetric humidity indicator for detective moisture in food packaging. The poor properties of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were enhanced by melt blending PLA with non-toxic poly(ethylene oxide) PEO at 180 °C. Specifically, three-dimensional (3D) substrates of PLA/PEO blends were fabricated by solvent-cast 3D printing. Furthermore, cobalt chloride (CoCl2) solution was printed onto the substrate with an inkjet printer to serve as a colorimetric humidity sensing indicator. It found that the flexibility and thermal stability of the PLA were improved and the hydrophilicity was increased with an increase in PEO content. Color changes and…

Benefits of Polydopamine as Particle/Matrix Interface in Polylactide/PD-BaSO4 Scaffolds

International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2020 Volume 21, Issue 15, Article 5480

This work reports the versatility of polydopamine (PD) when applied as a particle coating in a composite of polylactide (PLA). Polydopamine was observed to increase the particle–matrix interface strength and facilitate the adsorption of drugs to the material surface. Here, barium sulfate radiopaque particles were functionalized with polydopamine and integrated into a polylactide matrix, leading to the formulation of a biodegradable and X-ray opaque material with enhanced mechanical properties. Polydopamine functionalized barium sulfate particles also facilitated the adsorption and release of the antibiotic levofloxacin. Analysis of the antibacterial capacity of these composites and the metabolic activity and proliferation of human…

Polyester-based ink platform with tunable bioactivity for 3D printing of tissue engineering scaffolds

Biomaterials Science 2019 Volume 7, Pages 560-570

In this work, we synthesized a novel polymeric biomaterial platform with tunable functionalizability for extrusion-based 3D printing. Biodegradable polymers were synthesized using 4-hydroxyphenethyl 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetate (HTy), which is derived from Tyrosol and 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid. p-Phenylenediacetic acid (PDA) was introduced to enhance crystallinity. To enable functionalizability without deteriorating printability, glutamic acid derivatives were introduced into the polymer design, forming copolymers including poly(HTy-co-45%PDA-co-5%Gluhexenamide ester) (HP5GH), poly(HTy-co-45%PDA-co-5%Glupentynamide ester) (HP5GP), and poly(HTy-co-45%PDA-co-5%BocGlu ester) (HP5BG). The resulting polymers have: two melting temperatures (125–131 °C and 141–147 °C), Young’s moduli of 1.9–2.4 GPa, and print temperatures of 170–190 °C. The molecular weight (Mw) loss due to hydrolytic…

Determination of geometrical and viscoelastic properties of PLA/PHB samples made by additive manufacturing for urethral substitution

Journal of Biotechnology 2018 Volume 284, Pages 123-130

Additive manufacturing has a great potential for creating hard tissue substitutes, such as bone and cartilage, or soft tissues, such as vascular and skin grafts. This study is a pilot study for 3D printing of a new material mixture potentially used as a tubular substitute for urethra replacement. This new mixture is a blend of polylactic acid (PLA) and polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB). The basic aspect that affects the 3D printing process is correct material preparation and setting of 3D printer parameters. Selection of material and printing parameters depend on printing technology. The printing technology affects material behavior during printing process. The…

Mechanical characterization and numerical simulation of a subcutaneous implantable 3D printed cell encapsulation system

Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 2018 Volume 82, Pages 133-144

Cell transplantation in bioengineered scaffolds and encapsulation systems has shown great promise in regenerative medicine. Depending on the site of implantation, type of cells and their expected function, these systems are designed to provide cells with a physiological-like environment while providing mechanical support and promoting long-term viability and function of the graft. A minimally invasive 3D printed system termed neovascularized implantable cell homing and encapsulation (NICHE) was developed in polylactic acid for subcutaneous transplantation of endocrine cells, including pancreatic islets. The suitability of the NICHE for long term in vivo deployment is investigated by assessing mechanical behavior of both fresh…